Monday 22nd December 2014
NEWS TICKER: MONDAY, DECEMBER 22ND 2014: NASDAQ welcomed 313* new listings this year, including 189 initial public offerings (IPOs), worth a combined $22bn -- more IPOs than any other US exchange, representing a 50% increase from the 126 IPOs in 2013. The exchange says that 62% of the top 100 best performing IPOs overall this year, including eight of the top ten, listed on its main board – Meanwhile, TMX Group today announced that Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) set a new daily volume record on December 19th with 1,535,887,985 shares traded, which surpassed the previous record of 895,769,152, $20,213,746,759. The previous record of $19,278,924,809 was set on September 18th 2008.which was set on December 19th 2008 - Fitch Ratings has revised the Outlook for both Bahrain's Long-term foreign and local currency Issuer Default Ratings (IDR) to Negative from Stable and affirmed the IDRs at 'BBB' and 'BBB+', respectively. The issue ratings on Bahrain's senior unsecured foreign and local currency bonds have also been affirmed at 'BBB' and 'BBB+', respectively. The agency has simultaneously affirmed Bahrain's Country Ceiling at 'BBB+' and Short-term foreign currency IDR at 'F3' - Finnish IT company Neonella Oy (Ltd) is launching a service platform that enables the use of bitcoins, as part of interactive advertising, for example in TV-programs. The service also makes bitcoin transactions possible from media companies or advertisers to consumers. Neonella is currently seeking funding for the platform through a crowdfunding campaign. The payment interface developed enables ordering of goods or services within video or TV programs. It is also possible to vote, donate and encourage the viewers to tell about their opinions as part of the content. The same technology works in internet marketing and banners as well as in TV- and video content. - Citi is reportedly stepping in to absorb the energy and metals commodity-trading books of Credit Suisse. Citi's acquisitions will be added to the trading books it took on from Deutsche Bank this year - Credit Suisse Group meanwhile is focusing on equity trading. The banking group is said to be working with Intercontinental Exchange to restore more trading on the exchange. ICE is proposing a compromise in which exchanges agree to reduce stock-trading prices and banks agree to a rule requiring more trading on exchanges, reports the Wall Street Journal - Looking beyond post FED rate hike actions should be the key for investors to explore deep values at reasonable earnings momentum thinks Is Yatirim in Istanbul. The firm’s analysis think that the world will have to endure “a long period of low-growth, low-environment double whammy, which may not necessarily bad for Turkey [which] has hunger for foreign savings at least for another five years – Private equity firms Lombard Investments and LeapFrog Investments have bought just under 11% of the shares of Thai insurer Syn Mun Kong (SMK) for $57.5m from the Royal & Sun Alliance Group (4.35m shares at around $13.20 each), according to a regulatory filing - VTB Capital has successfully completed the RUB 2.5 billion securitisation deal for AK BARS BANK mortgage portfolio​ as part of the Vnesheconombank's programme for investing in affordable housing and mortgages in 2010-2013 - According to the US government technology news agency, North Korea has denied the Obama administration's allegations that it launched the hack attack against Sony Pictures Entertainment and has demanded that a joint investigation with the US into the incident be launched. The secretive communist regime, based in Pyongyang, also promised there would be "grave consequences" if the United States failed to agree to the joint probe. - Fitch Ratings has revised the Outlooks on Bahrain's Long-term foreign and local currency Issuer Default Ratings (IDR) to Negative from Stable and affirmed the IDRs at 'BBB' and 'BBB+', respectively. The issue ratings on Bahrain's senior unsecured foreign and local currency bonds have also been affirmed at 'BBB' and 'BBB+', respectively. The agency has simultaneously affirmed Bahrain's Country Ceiling at 'BBB+' and Short-term foreign currency IDR at 'F3' - Finnish IT company Neonella Oy (Ltd) is launching a service platform that enables the use of bitcoins, as part of interactive advertising, for example in TV-programs. The service also makes bitcoin transactions possible from media companies or advertisers to consumers. Neonella is currently seeking funding for the platform through a crowdfunding campaign. The payment interface developed enables ordering of goods or services within video or TV programs. It is also possible to vote, donate and encourage the viewers to tell about their opinions as part of the content. The same technology works in internet marketing and banners as well as in TV- and video content. - Citi is reportedly stepping in to absorb the energy and metals commodity-trading books of Credit Suisse. Citi's acquisitions will be added to the trading books it took on from Deutsche Bank this year - Credit Suisse Group meanwhile is focusing on equity trading. The banking group is said to be working with Intercontinental Exchange to restore more trading on the exchange. ICE is proposing a compromise in which exchanges agree to reduce stock-trading prices and banks agree to a rule requiring more trading on exchanges, reports the Wall Street Journal - Looking beyond post FED rate hike actions should be the key for investors to explore deep values at reasonable earnings momentum thinks Is Yatirim in Istanbul. The firm’s analysis think that the world will have to endure “a long period of low-growth, low-environment double whammy, which may not necessarily bad for Turkey [which] has hunger for foreign savings at least for another five years – Private equity firms Lombard Investments and LeapFrog Investments have bought just under 11% of the shares of Thai insurer Syn Mun Kong (SMK) for $57.5m from the Royal & Sun Alliance Group (4.35m shares at around $13.20 each), according to a regulatory filing - VTB Capital has successfully completed the RUB 2.5 billion securitisation deal for AK BARS BANK mortgage portfolio​ as part of the Vnesheconombank's programme for investing in affordable housing and mortgages in 2010-2013.

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The European Review

By Patrick Artus, chief economist at Natixis

Countries’ attractiveness measured by business investment

Friday, 08 June 2012 Written by 
Countries’ attractiveness measured by business investment Countries’ attractiveness for companies can be measured indirectly, by looking at trends in cost-competitiveness, export market shares, production capacity and employment. But it can also be measured directly by looking at business investment: what proportion of investment by a country’s companies is carried out in that country or abroad? How much is invested by foreign companies in that country? We compare the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden and Japan. The two measures of attractiveness rank the countries quite differently. If we measure attractiveness by business investment, the two most attractive countries are the United States and the United Kingdom, the two least attractive countries Italy and France. http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

Countries’ attractiveness for companies can be measured indirectly, by looking at trends in cost-competitiveness, export market shares, production capacity and employment. But it can also be measured directly by looking at business investment: what proportion of investment by a country’s companies is carried out in that country or abroad? How much is invested by foreign companies in that country? We compare the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden and Japan.

The two measures of attractiveness rank the countries quite differently. If we measure attractiveness by business investment, the two most attractive countries are the United States and the United Kingdom, the two least attractive countries Italy and France.

Countries’ attractiveness for setting up business

Attractiveness depends on cost-competitiveness, the tax system, the skill level of the labour force, corporate profitability, public infrastructure, etc. So it is a multi-faceted and complex variable.



It can be measured indirectly, by:

  • cost-competitiveness, in light of the trend in exchange rates measured by the real trade-weighted exchange rate. Currently the currencies of the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain are overvalued in real terms;
  • export market shares, in which losses have been very marked in Japan, the United Kingdom, France and Italy;
  • the trend in potential GDP and in production capacity in industry. Potential GDP has grown significantly in the United States, while production capacity has stagnated in the United Kingdom, Japan, Spain and Italy;
  • growth in employment excluding the civil service, which has been the most vigorous in Spain and the weakest in Japan.

If we use these criteria, the most attractive countries for companies are the United States, Sweden, Germany, Spain and France, while the least attractive are the United Kingdom, Italy and Japan.

Attractiveness measured by investment

However, for each country we also look at two direct measures of attractiveness for companies:

  • the proportion of the country’s business investment that is carried out in that country and not abroad. This proportion is low in Sweden, France, Spain and the United Kingdom;
  • the share of investment by foreign companies in GDP. This proportion is high in Sweden, the United Kingdom and Spain.

According to this investment criterion of attractiveness, the most attractive countries are the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain; the least attractive are France and Italy.

Which are the most attractive countries among the large OECD countries?

When you summarise both the indirect and the direct approaches, you realize that the United States tops the ranking, while France and Italy are found at the bottom.

Patrick Artus

A graduate of Ecole Polytechnique, of Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Adminstration Economique and of Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, Patrick Artus is today the Chief Economist at Natixis. He began his career in 1975 where his work included economic forecasting and modelisation. He then worked at the Economics Department of the OECD (1980), before becoming Head of Research at the ENSAE. Thereafter, Patrick taught seminars on research at Paris Dauphine (1982) and was Professor at a number of Universities (including Dauphine, ENSAE, Centre des Hautes Etudes de l'Armement, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées and HEC Lausanne).

Patrick is now Professor of Economics at University Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. He combines these responsibilities with his research work at Natixis. Patrick was awarded "Best Economist of the year 1996" by the "Nouvel Economiste", and today is a member of the council of economic advisors to the French Prime Minister. He is also a board member at Total and Ipsos.

Website: cib.natixis.com/research/economic.aspx

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