Thursday 26th May 2016
NEWS TICKER: THURSDAY, MAY 26TH - Moody's has upgraded to A3 from Baa1 the senior unsecured debt ratings of Autoroutes du Sud de la France (ASF). Concurrently, Moody's has upgraded to (P)A3 from (P)Baa1 the rating on the company's €8bn medium-term note (EMTN) programme. The outlook on the ratings is stable. The upgrade reflects ASF's strengthening financial profile on the back of a strong traffic performance and expected future traffic growth, says the ratings agency. ASF is expected to exhibit funds from operation/debt metrics firmly in the mid-teens in percentage terms, which Moody's considers commensurate with the A3 rating level. In 2015, ASF reported traffic growth of 3.1% compared to the previous year. “We expect traffic growth to moderate during the year, although the 2016 annual traffic increase is anticipated to be at least 2%. The positive traffic trends, which offset the financial impact of the 2015 tolls freeze and the relatively limited toll increases in 2016(1.63% for ASF and 1.18% for Escota), are supportive of ASF's credit profile in the context of the group's increasing investments associated with the implementation of the so-called Plan de Reliance Autoroutier (a government stimulus plan),” says Moody’s. ASF is expected to implement capital expenditure worth €800m per annum over the next three years - The European Parliament has approved aid on Thursday worth €6,468,000 for 557 redundant workers from the “Larissa” supermarket in Greece and €5,146,800 for 2,132 former drivers for the road haulage and delivery firm MoryGlobal SAS in France. The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) aid will still need to be approved by the Council of Ministers on June 6th. In Greece, Larissa’s 422 employees and 135 worker-owners were made redundant when the cooperative supermarket was declared bankrupt. In France, MoryGlobal’s 2,132 lorry drivers and their delivery colleagues lost their jobs due to its bankruptcy and closure. Both bankruptcies resulted from the prolonged global financial and economic crisis which has devastated the Greek economy and deeply affected the road haulage sector. The measures, co-financed by the EGF and the Greek and French governments, would help the workers to find new jobs by providing them with occupational guidance and other assistance schemes. The aid request from France was passed by 540 votes to 73, with 2 abstentions. The request from Greece was approved by 551 votes to 67, with two abstentions. The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) was introduced in 2007 as a flexible instrument in the EU budget to provide support, under specific conditions, to workers who have lost their jobs as a result of mass redundancies caused by major changes in global trade (e.g. delocalisation to third countries). The EGF contributes to packages of tailor-made services to help redundant workers find new jobs. Its annual ceiling is €150m. Redundant workers are offered measures such as support for business start-ups, job-search assistance, occupational guidance and various kinds of training - Pirum Systems says Ben Challice will be joining as chief operating officer, responsible for strategic product and market development. Challice joins from Nomura, where he headed up Global Prime Services – which included Equity Finance, Prime Brokerage and Delta One at Nomura and previously held senior positions at Lehman Brothers and Goldman Sachs - Catella has appointed Antti Louko to head its Finnish operations and to establish a new corporate finance unit in Helsinki. Louko will join Catella as managing director of Catella Property Oy and head of the new corporate finance unit, from November. Louko joins Catella from a role as head of real estate at Advium Corporate Finance Oy where he headed the real estate team. He previously worked as the director responsible for transactions at SRV Group, and at Aberdeen Property Investors - Advanced payments tech firm SafeCharge says Umberto Corridori has been appoint vice president of sales for Europe. Corridori has held senior roles in large companies such as Dell Italy and joins after a long tenure at PayPal where he served as head of sales Italy & iGaming CEMEA - AIM-listed Xtract Resources PLC says it has entered into an agreement to sell the Manica Gold project in Mozambique to Nexus Capital and Mineral Technologies International Ltd for $17.5m in cash. The firm says some of the proceeds will be used to settle outstanding payments owed to Auroch over the acquisition of the Manica licence. Xtract adds that it expects to have remaining cash proceeds of approximately $12m. Under the agreement, Xtract will sell its 100% interest in Explorator Limitada, the entity which holds title to the Manica mining licence 3990C on completion of the deal. Xtract said it is expected that a bankable feasibility study, to assess the viability of developing and mining a hard rock gold deposit identified within the Manica licence, will be completed in the second quarter of 2016, Mine construction is planned to begin in the fourth quarter, with first production to follow in the final quarter of 2017. Mining of the alluvial gold deposit is planned for the third quarter this year – The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is providing up to €294m in local currency equivalent for two ground-breaking projects to increase the use of domestically produced natural gas and largely replace the use of coal in Kazakhstan. The first project is the upcoming modernisation and refurbishment of the underground storage in Bozoi in the Bank’s first-ever cooperation with the national gas company KazTransGas (KTG). An EBRD loan equivalent to €242m in local currency to the KazTransGas subsidiary Intergas Central Asia will allow for the upgrade of the storage to its full capacity of 4bn cubic metres (bcm), from the current limit of 2.6 bcm - United Utilities reported a 0.6% rise in full year revenue to £1.73bn this morning, although the new regulated price controls contributed to a 9% drop in underlying operating profit to £604m. The company says it is confident of reaching its targets for capital expenditure in the first year of the new regulatory period and announced plans to invest £100m across the 2015-2020 period in renewable energy projects, mainly solar power. The final dividend was raised 2% to 25.6p, making a total of 38.45p for the year – Ahead of its planned initial public offering in Australia, fantasy sports app Sports Hero has raised an additional $2.4m in funding. SportsHero is a new app that lets sports fans dabble in match predictions and show their skills off against friends and other game-watchers. The app is made by the team behind Singapore-based TradeHero, a virtual trading app backed by more than $10m from investors. - DONG Energy has set an indicative price range for its planned stock market listing of 17.4% of its shares at DKR200 to DKR255 per share, giving the group a market value of DKR83.5bn to DKR106.5bn ( between $12.6bn and $16bn), making it Europe’s biggest float this year. The state-controlled company, is one of the world’s largest offshore wind farm developers -

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Countries’ attractiveness measured by business investment

Friday, 08 June 2012 Written by 
Countries’ attractiveness measured by business investment Countries’ attractiveness for companies can be measured indirectly, by looking at trends in cost-competitiveness, export market shares, production capacity and employment. But it can also be measured directly by looking at business investment: what proportion of investment by a country’s companies is carried out in that country or abroad? How much is invested by foreign companies in that country? We compare the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden and Japan. The two measures of attractiveness rank the countries quite differently. If we measure attractiveness by business investment, the two most attractive countries are the United States and the United Kingdom, the two least attractive countries Italy and France. http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

Countries’ attractiveness for companies can be measured indirectly, by looking at trends in cost-competitiveness, export market shares, production capacity and employment. But it can also be measured directly by looking at business investment: what proportion of investment by a country’s companies is carried out in that country or abroad? How much is invested by foreign companies in that country? We compare the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden and Japan.

The two measures of attractiveness rank the countries quite differently. If we measure attractiveness by business investment, the two most attractive countries are the United States and the United Kingdom, the two least attractive countries Italy and France.

Countries’ attractiveness for setting up business

Attractiveness depends on cost-competitiveness, the tax system, the skill level of the labour force, corporate profitability, public infrastructure, etc. So it is a multi-faceted and complex variable.



It can be measured indirectly, by:

  • cost-competitiveness, in light of the trend in exchange rates measured by the real trade-weighted exchange rate. Currently the currencies of the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain are overvalued in real terms;
  • export market shares, in which losses have been very marked in Japan, the United Kingdom, France and Italy;
  • the trend in potential GDP and in production capacity in industry. Potential GDP has grown significantly in the United States, while production capacity has stagnated in the United Kingdom, Japan, Spain and Italy;
  • growth in employment excluding the civil service, which has been the most vigorous in Spain and the weakest in Japan.

If we use these criteria, the most attractive countries for companies are the United States, Sweden, Germany, Spain and France, while the least attractive are the United Kingdom, Italy and Japan.

Attractiveness measured by investment

However, for each country we also look at two direct measures of attractiveness for companies:

  • the proportion of the country’s business investment that is carried out in that country and not abroad. This proportion is low in Sweden, France, Spain and the United Kingdom;
  • the share of investment by foreign companies in GDP. This proportion is high in Sweden, the United Kingdom and Spain.

According to this investment criterion of attractiveness, the most attractive countries are the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain; the least attractive are France and Italy.

Which are the most attractive countries among the large OECD countries?

When you summarise both the indirect and the direct approaches, you realize that the United States tops the ranking, while France and Italy are found at the bottom.

Patrick Artus

A graduate of Ecole Polytechnique, of Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Adminstration Economique and of Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, Patrick Artus is today the Chief Economist at Natixis. He began his career in 1975 where his work included economic forecasting and modelisation. He then worked at the Economics Department of the OECD (1980), before becoming Head of Research at the ENSAE. Thereafter, Patrick taught seminars on research at Paris Dauphine (1982) and was Professor at a number of Universities (including Dauphine, ENSAE, Centre des Hautes Etudes de l'Armement, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées and HEC Lausanne).

Patrick is now Professor of Economics at University Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. He combines these responsibilities with his research work at Natixis. Patrick was awarded "Best Economist of the year 1996" by the "Nouvel Economiste", and today is a member of the council of economic advisors to the French Prime Minister. He is also a board member at Total and Ipsos.

Website: cib.natixis.com/research/economic.aspx

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