Thursday 26th November 2015
NEWS TICKER, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 26TH: In the last six months River and Mercantile Group (R&M) says has been appointed to design, execute and provide ongoing management of over £1.7bn of structured equity options mandates for pension clients, including the Royal Mail Pension Plan and another FTSE 100 company’s pension scheme. James Barham, global head of Distribution at R&M, says, "With increased volatility in equity markets, we have seen a growing number of clients that are taking advantage of our market leading derivative capabilities to manage the downside exposure in their equity portfolios. The derivatives team at R&M has an exceptional long term track record in designing and managing structured equity solutions for clients over the last ten years. We continue to see significant demand from pensions and institutional clients for structured equity to actively manage the profile of their equity investment returns while maintaining their allocation to equities. The design and execution of these mandate demonstrates R&M’s ability to design innovative, outcome oriented solutions for our clients, which are delivered to meet their governance requirements.” - Demand to borrow Asian stocks surged in the wake of the recent market volatility reports Markit. While short sellers have since pulled back slightly, the current demand to borrow shares across the region is still up by a fifth since the start of the year. Short interest across Asia is up by 18% year to date, reaching 2.7% of free float. However, says Markit, Japanese short selling has been relatively flat since the start of the year. The firm adds that consumer sectors have made Australia the most shorted country in the region - Trayport, a provider of energy trading solutions to traders and exchanges, says Power Solutions Enerji Ticaret ve Danışmanlık Anonim Şirketi has chosen Trayport’s GlobalVision Broker Trading SystemSM (BTS) for trading in the Turkish power market. Power Solutions, founded in Turkey in 2015, provides OTC Brokerage services in the Turkish electricity market.. The Trayport BTS offers brokers access to a growing network of traders using Trayport’s trading technology - The Dutch residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) market remained strong during the three-month period ended September 2015, according to the latest indices published by Moody's The 60+ day delinquencies of Dutch RMBS, including Dutch mortgage loans benefitting from a Nationale Hypotheek Garantie, continued to decrease to 0.73% in September 2015 from 0.81% in June 2015. The 90+ day delinquencies also continued to decrease to 0.56% in September 2015 from 0.64% in June 2015. Cumulative defaults increased to 0.78% of the original balance, plus additions (in the case of master issuers) and replenishments, in September 2015 from 0.70% in June 2015. This compares to cumulative defaults of 0.49% in September 2014. Cumulative losses increased to 0.15% in September 2015 from 0.14% in June 2015. Moody's has assigned definitive credit ratings to two new transactions since the last publication of the Index on September 9th, including five classes of notes issued by STORM 2015-II BV. and two classed of notes issued by Hypenn RMBS IV BV. As of the end of September, the 107 Moody's-rated Dutch RMBS transactions had an outstanding pool balance of €217.9bn, representing a year-over-year decrease of 4.8% - Thanksgiving holidays in the US has coloured trading today. In the Asia-Pac, low commodities prices are weighing on the Australian economy. Australia's S&P/ASX 200 gained 0.3% in thin trading volumes across the whole Asia-Pac region. With the exception of the Australian dollar, trading volumes were ridiculously small EUR/USD traded within a 10 pips range between 1.0615 and 1.0625. Similarly, GBP/USD traded sideways between 1.5115 and 1.5131. According to Yann Quelenn, market analyst at Swissquote: “When commodities price lower, there is a transfer of wealth between exporters (producers) and importers of commodities. The decline favours industries that need commodities as primary source for manufacturing products. Australia is on the exporters’ side. Indeed, an important part of the Australian’s revenues accounts for the revenues on the extraction of gold, silver, platinum and other metals. Materials shares fell 1.3%, and are down 4.6% so far this week, with commodities like copper and nickel having tumbled to multiyear lows. In Japan, The Nikkei Stock Average ended the day up 0.5% at 19944.41, while and South Korea's Kospi rose 1.1%. The Shanghai Composite Index fell 0.3% and Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index closed flat. Japan shares have posted one of the strongest rebounds in the region since September. The Nikkei is the second-best performing market in Asia year to date with a gain of 14%. China's Shenzhen Composite Index is up 65% year to date. The Straits Times Index (STI) ended 6.89 points or 0.24% lower to 2884.69, taking the year-to-date performance to -14.28%. The top active stocks today were OCBC Bank, which declined 0.91%, SingTel, which gained 0.26%, UOB, which declined 1.79%, DBS, which declined 0.36% and Global Logistic, with a 1.91% fall. The FTSE ST Mid Cap Index declined 0.05%, while the FTSE ST Small Cap Index declined0.84%.In Brazil, the BCB left rates unchanged at 14.25% yesterday in spite of rampant inflation. The latest economic survey by the central bank showed that inflation expectations are not anchored yet as it is expected to reach 10.33% by year-end and 6.64% by the end of 2016. Broadly, expectations the U.S. Federal Reserve will raise interest rates in December has pushed the yen weaker. The currency has weakened 3.1% against the U.S. dollar in the past three months. Japan shares nevertheless remain vulnerable to global central bank moves and geopolitical tensions - The London Metal Exchange's three-month copper contract closed down 1.3% at $4,549 a metric ton on Wednesday. Copper last traded at $4,692.50 a metric ton, up from the opening price of $4,538 a ton on Thursday. Overnight, the latest U.S. report on jobless claims pointed to a strengthening employment picture, pushing the dollar higher. U.S. stocks ended mostly unchanged as consumer discretionary and health-care shares offset losses in other sectors on the last full trading day of the week before the Thanksgiving holiday. Brent oil futures fell 0.2% to $46.06 a barrel. US crude-oil futures rose 0.2% to $43.13 a barrel. Gold prices were up 0.3% at $1,073.50 a troy ounce.

Latest Video


The European Review

By Patrick Artus, chief economist at Natixis

The eurozone crisis may last 20 years

Friday, 24 August 2012 Written by 
The eurozone crisis may last 20 years Financial markets should not be complacent when considering the timeframe of the eurozone’s recovery. Indeed, there are many conditions that need to be met before the region can officially exit the crisis. For instance, a complete reindustrialisation of countries with a deficit is needed, as well as the implementation of long-term developments, including rebalancing countries’ balance sheets, eliminating fiscal deficits, ensuring structural external deficits disappear, and creating jobs to replace those lost at the beginning of the credit crisis.

Financial markets should not be complacent when considering the timeframe of the eurozone’s recovery. Indeed, there are many conditions that need to be met before the region can officially exit the crisis.

For instance, a complete reindustrialisation of countries with a deficit is needed, as well as the implementation of long-term developments, including rebalancing countries’ balance sheets, eliminating fiscal deficits, ensuring structural external deficits disappear, and creating jobs to replace those lost at the beginning of the credit crisis.

A further option, largely rejected across the region, would be to apply elements of federalism to the region in place of wiping external deficits, where the eurozone will act as a ‘transfer union’ that allows for monetary transfers from surplus countries to deficit countries.

During the lengthy process of ensuring all of these conditions are met, there will be a risk of major and long-lasting economic, financial, social and political instability. For the financial markets, this points to a depressed level for asset prices due to the high levels of risk volatility.

The financial markets sometimes believe that the eurozone crisis will be solved rapidly

Admittedly, there has been progress – albeit rather limited – towards solving the eurozone crisis. For instance, the European Central Bank implemented Very Long-Term Refinancing Operations (VLTRO) in late 2011, and the European summit in June 2012 resulted in positive decisions for banking supervision and recapitalisation. There is promise too with the likely implementation of the European Security Mechanism.

These actions have all led to a major, although temporary, improvement in financial markets. However, financial market participants should understand that the eurozone crisis will be very long, given the developments that are needed to end it:

The long-term developments required to end the eurozone crisis

1. Rebalancing of balance sheets

In the eurozone as a whole - and especially in some countries such as Spain, Greece, Ireland, and The Netherlands - an imbalance has appeared in the balance sheets of private economic agents between liabilities (due to a very high private-sector debt ratio) and assets (due to the bursting of the real estate bubble and the fall in real estate prices).

As long as this balance sheet mismatch lasts, the private sector has to deleverage and therefore reduce its spending, which leads to sluggish growth. Also, private borrowers’ solvency will remain poor, which means that there is no end in sight for the banks’ problems. 

2. Restoration of full employment

In the aftermath of the Lehman bankruptcy in 2009, there were heavy factory job losses due to the fall in global trade. Afterwards, the bursting of the real estate bubble triggered a decline in construction employment too.

Currently, many countries (e.g. France, Italy, Spain, Greece, Ireland, and Portugal) have a very high level of unemployment. This has generated a depressive cycle, because high unemployment leads to a decline in labour's bargaining power and a fall in real wages.

The crisis will not end before economies have pulled out of this depressive cycle, i.e. when job losses have been offset by new jobs. But this process has not yet even started, and would require several measures to be adopted in order to do so. These would include attracting new activities to these countries and reindustrialising them. This is not happening, however, and is reflected in the on-going decline of industrial production capacity.

3. Elimination of fiscal deficits

The sovereign debt crisis has occurred because of excessive fiscal deficits in many countries. Governments obviously need to eliminate these fiscal deficits in order to permanently drive down long-term interest rates.

But today we can see a very worrying development: the fiscal deficits are not shrinking – on the contrary, they are increasing because of  sluggish activity.

4. If there is no federalism, the structural external deficits must disappear

Some countries (e.g. Spain, Greece, Portugal, and France) have structural external deficits because of the small size of their exporting sectors, especially in industry. This situation is not sustainable, since these countries are accumulating a continuously growing external debt, and will end up becoming insolvent.

There are then only two solutions to this unsustainable situation, both of which will take a very long time: federalism, or reindustrialisation of countries with a deficit.

We should not expect a rapid end to the crisis in the eurozone

For the time-being, we are seeing major problems when it comes to implementing these long-term developments, and federalism is still off the table.

But for the eurozone crisis to end, all of the mentioned conditions must be met.

The economic, financial, social and political uncertainty will therefore be pronounced in the eurozone for a long time to come – we would estimate about 20 years. 

Patrick Artus

A graduate of Ecole Polytechnique, of Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Adminstration Economique and of Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, Patrick Artus is today the Chief Economist at Natixis. He began his career in 1975 where his work included economic forecasting and modelisation. He then worked at the Economics Department of the OECD (1980), before becoming Head of Research at the ENSAE. Thereafter, Patrick taught seminars on research at Paris Dauphine (1982) and was Professor at a number of Universities (including Dauphine, ENSAE, Centre des Hautes Etudes de l'Armement, Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées and HEC Lausanne).

Patrick is now Professor of Economics at University Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. He combines these responsibilities with his research work at Natixis. Patrick was awarded "Best Economist of the year 1996" by the "Nouvel Economiste", and today is a member of the council of economic advisors to the French Prime Minister. He is also a board member at Total and Ipsos.


Related News

Related Articles

Related Blogs

Related Videos

Current Issue