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South Africa’s central bank has disagreed with a ratings decision by Moody’s to downgrade Capitec Bank Limited (Capitec) by two notches, and place it on review for a further downgrade. The central bank says it respects the independent opinion of rating agencies but that it does not “agree with the rationale given in taking this step”. Two reasons are given for the rating action: a lower likelihood of sovereign systemic support based on decisions recently taken in relation to African Bank Limited (African Bank), and heightened concerns regarding the risk inherent in Capitec’s consumer lending focus. “With regard to the first point, it is important to reiterate that the approach taken by the SARB to any resolution to address systemic risk will always be based on the circumstances and merits of the particular prevailing situation. Decisions will also be informed, as was the case with African Bank, by principles contained in the Key Attributes for Effective Resolution Regimes proposed by the Financial Stability Board (FSB), which have the objective that a bank should be able to fail without affecting the system,” notes the central bank in an official statement. “This is in keeping with evolving international best practice. In the case of African Bank bond holders and wholesale depositors are taking a 10% haircut, which is generally regarded as being very positive given that the trades following the announcement of African Bank's results were taking place at around 40% of par. Therefore in fact substantial support was provided, not reduced. Moreover, all retail depositors were kept whole and are able to access their accounts fully,” it adds - According to the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) credit card receivables increased by 2.1% in the second quarter to HKD112, after a reduction of 6.7% in the previous quarter. The total number of credit card accounts edged up by 0.7% to around 16.8m.The rollover amount, which reflects the amount of borrowing by customers using their credit cards, increased by 2.9% during the quarter to HKD19.2bn. The rollover ratio also rose marginally from 17.0% to 17.1% in the same period. The charge-off amount increased to HKD569mduring the quarter from HKD528m in the previous quarter. Correspondingly, the quarterly charge-off ratio rose to 0.51% from 0.46% in the previous quarter. The amount of rescheduled receivables transferred outside the surveyed institutions’ credit card portfolios reduced to HKD94m from HK$109m in the previous quarter. The delinquent amount increased to HKD249m at end-June from HKD239m at end-March. However, the delinquency ratio remained the same at 0.22% because of an increase in total card receivables. The combined delinquent and rescheduled ratio (after taking into account the transfer of rescheduled receivables mentioned above) edged up to 0.29% from 0.28% during the same period - Harkand has been awarded a contract to support Apache with inspection, repair and maintenance work (IRM) as well as light construction (LC) across their assets in the North Sea, following completion of a competitive tender exercise. The award includes the provision of vessels, ROV and diving services for a three-year period, plus two one-year options. The firm will also support offshore marine construction contractor EMAS AMC who have been awarded a separate contract for pipe lay and heavy construction as part of the same tender process. Harkand Europe managing director, David Kerr, said: “This contract is an important step in strengthening our close working relationship and growing our North Sea business with Apache.

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Regulatory Update

The Euro: Preparing for the Unthinkable

Tuesday, 26 June 2012 Written by 
The Euro: Preparing for the Unthinkable One day in 1974, payments failed to move across the leading US dollar payment mechanism, CHIPS, operated by The New York Clearing House. Earlier that day, German regulators had closed a relatively small bank, Bank Herstatt, in Cologne.  Following this closure, banks stopped sending funds to one another; no bank knew whether the recipient might have exposure to Herstatt (and thus might experience unacceptable losses). To their credit, bank regulators spent much of the following decades addressing this risk, both in the payments market and in the FX market through the CLS system. http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

One day in 1974, payments failed to move across the leading US dollar payment mechanism, CHIPS, operated by The New York Clearing House. Earlier that day, German regulators had closed a relatively small bank, Bank Herstatt, in Cologne.  Following this closure, banks stopped sending funds to one another; no bank knew whether the recipient might have exposure to Herstatt (and thus might experience unacceptable losses). To their credit, bank regulators spent much of the following decades addressing this risk, both in the payments market and in the FX market through the CLS system.

Although I was General Counsel of the Clearing House and CLS, participating in these and related developments, it took the events of 2007 and 2008 to drive home their significance. Now, with  a slow-down in the world economy and even the possible demise of the euro, do we once again need to prepare for the unthinkable? And how can any individual firm do so?

At the very least firms need to recognize that these types of risks cannot be managed in silos; there must be a cohesive approach across all business areas and breakpoints – from liquidity and credit risks to regulatory and reputational risks.  If the euro is redenominated, businesses may face market closures, reversion to and rapid devaluation of legacy currencies, mandatory bank holidays, restrictions on convertibility, and a lack of liquidity.  A scenario analysis can help identify how such developments might impact key clients, key markets, and most critically –in the short term – liquidity needs. The information gathered in this analysis should be factored into credit and risk management plans. But most importantly, it needs to be communicated to key people. Your board and your staff need to be prepared for various scenarios, and you may also need to communicate with regulators and suppliers.  A careful analysis of and preparation for all contingencies can help a firm survive even the unthinkable.

Deborah Prutzman

Deborah Prutzman is the founder and CEO of The Regulatory Fundamentals Group (RFG), a New York-based firm that designs and implements business and risk solutions for alternative asset managers and institutional investors. RFG's senior-led team employs a robust suite of tools, including practical alerts on new and potential industry developments and its powerful RFG Pathfinder® knowledge management platform which simplifies the challenges of operating in a regulated environment.  To learn more about The Regulatory Fundamentals Group call (212) 537-4058, email a representative at Information@RegFG.com or visit RegFG.com

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