Wednesday 10th February 2016
NEWS TICKER: KPMG has appointed Adrian Stone as its UK head of audit with immediate effect, succeeding Tony Cates who now leads KPMG's international markets and government practice. Stone joined KPMG's Sheffield office in 1984 and has been an audit partner since 1997. He previously held several senior roles in KPMG's audit practice including head of audit for the north of England and Scotland, chief operating officer for the UK audit practice, head of internal audit and head of KPMG's department of professional practice. He has been KPMG's interim head of audit since November last year - Bridge Bank says it has provided faith based Spark Networks with a $10m revolving credit facility - BNP Paribas Securities Services has been appointed by Sampo Group, the Finnish financial services group, to provide global custody and settlement services for Sampo’s €25bn of insurance assets held globally - Saudi Arabia is reportedly reconsidering the requirement for foreign companies setting up in the country to have a local partner. A committee led by the Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and the Ministry of Labour, will look at ways to spur additional inward investment into the realm, according to newspaper Asharq Al Awsat. The committee is expected to ease the bureaucratic barriers for foreign firms that want access to the Saudi Arabian economy. Foreign direct investment is vital as the kingdom looks to make up foreign exchange losses and balance its $98bn budget deficit – European president Donald Tusk met with Georgian premier Giorgi Kvirikashvili today. Discussion focused on continued reforms of the Georgian judiciary, rule of law and human rights are important priorities and I underlined the EU's readiness to assist. It is crucial that criminal investigations and prosecutions be evidence-based, transparent and impartial, in line with the commitments of the Association Agreement. “I share Georgia's concerns about the continued implementation of the so-called “treaties" between Russia and Abkhazia and South Ossetia. I saw for myself the situation at the administrative boundary line, including the "borderisation" [sic] process, during my last visit to Georgia,” said Tusk following the meeting. The European Union will continue to give its firm support for the territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognised borders.” - February 9th 2016: The Polish Financial Supervision Authority (KNF) at its meeting today confirmed the appointment of Małgorzata Zaleska as President of the Management Board of the Warsaw Stock Exchange, following her appointment as president on January 12th. Zaleska is the director of the Institute of Banking, Warsaw School of Economics; the Chairperson of the Committee of Finance Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences; a member of the NBP Economic Research Committee; a member of the Central Commission for Degrees in Finance – Today’s equity markets tell a tale of fears of a global slowdown with even the US considered a candidate for recession. The US session yesterday was not pretty, with the S&P500 down 1.42%. The index has lost around 9% of its value this year and is now 13% below the nominal high that it reached last year. The DJIA was down 1.1% and Nasdaq100 fell 1.59%. The Nasdaq100 is now 17.92% below the nominal high that it reached last year. Swissquote says: “The sentiment is risk-off at the moment, with gold reaching $1,200 for the first time since June. Gold’s bullish momentum continues yet commodity linked currencies such as the AUD and NZD failed to gain the advantage as outside precious metals and other commodities broadly fell. In particular, WTI Crude is now back around below $30 a barrel over continued oversupply concerns. Markets are now fearing that this period of lingering low oil prices could last a long time”. – In the Asian session Japanese stocks fell more than 5% and the yield on the benchmark government bond dropped into negative territory for the first time. The decision by the Bank of Japan to introduce negative interest rates looks to have pushed down yields for both short and longer termed bonds. In afternoon trading in the Asian session, the benchmark 10-year government bond was yielding minus 0.025; in other words, investors were willing to lend the over-indebted Japanese government money for 10 years and get back less than they put in. Remember that Japanese sovereign debt is more than double the country’s GDP. The question is now, how far down can yields go? Moreover, when will central banks stop flirting with negative interest rates. It is a dangerous policy. The stock market took the brunt of investor fears today, as the Nikkei Stock Average closed y down 5.4%, falling 918.86 points to finish at 16,085.44. This is a sizeable drop and the largest one-day fall for about two and a half years. Yet again, the yen did well, rising against the US dollar to 114.80. Financial shares took the brunt of today’s pain with Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group Inc. (MTU) shares closing down 8.7%, and Nomura Holdings losing 9.1%. Australia's S&P/ASX 200 ended the session 2.9% lower, and New Zealand's S&P/NZX 50 was down 1.3%. India's Sensex was 1.2% lower. Chinese, Singapore and Korean markets are closed today. In Europe, equity futures are mixed. The CAC40 has dropped 0.22%, the DAX is down 0.21% while the FTSE100 is unchanged, but there’s still half a day’s trading to go.

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Hisham Ezz Al-Arab, CEO, CIB. Hisham Ezz Al-Arab, CEO, CIB. Photograph kindly supplied by CIB, November 2011.

20-20: CIB-Captain courageous

Thursday, 15 December 2011
20-20: CIB-Captain courageous CIB was borne in a cross-fire hurricane this year as the Arab Spring found form in Egypt with all the gusto of a force ten gale.  Despite the pouring rain of rubber bullets, tear gas and dissent, CIB kept at its job.  Like many chief executives in high-strung/high growth markets, Hisham Ezz Al-Arab, CIB’s chief executive officer, walks a tightrope between high finance and high politics.  Right now, it is a brave fellow who puts his head above the parapet in Cairo. In a heartfelt polemic on the hopes for change, Ezz Al-Arab shows how the staff of CIB are made of stern stuff. http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/media/k2/items/cache/c925b42be0bb1a72b320fe10c797fed2_XL.jpg

CIB was borne in a cross-fire hurricane this year as the Arab Spring found form in Egypt with all the gusto of a force ten gale.  Despite the pouring rain of rubber bullets, tear gas and dissent, CIB kept at its job.  Like many chief executives in high-strung/high growth markets, Hisham Ezz Al-Arab, CIB’s chief executive officer, walks a tightrope between high finance and high politics.  Right now, it is a brave fellow who puts his head above the parapet in Cairo. In a heartfelt polemic on the hopes for change, Ezz Al-Arab shows how the staff of CIB are made of stern stuff.

On February 11th 2011 Hisham Ezz Al-Arab, CIB’s chief executive officer was being interviewed by Bloomberg’s Margaret Brennan. As the interview went to air, the news came that President Hosni Mubarak had resigned. “Four days later at our board meeting we all agreed: it would be a rollercoaster ride so everyone would have to fasten their seat belt and enjoy it,” says Ezz Al Arab. “In practice, what this meant was that whatever was happening outside our doors, we had to remain focused. That focus kept us sane, it kept us in business and all the success we have enjoyed this year is build on that clear focus,” he adds.

The current troubles that blow through Egypt are not of the making of the so-called Arab Spring, suggests Ezz Al Arab. “It goes much further back, to before 2009 or even 2008. In the event, we firmly believe that change it is a good thing and forces us, as a country, to ask important questions of ourselves. Of course, in the run up to elections, there are and will be a lot of political games; and we reckon that it will be a good four to five years before everything settles down and we finally move along the right track. In the interim, we will continue to provide that focus to our clients and to our staff.”



For Ezz Al Arab, the strength to carry on as normal in the midst of apparent chaos is a mindset; and one that he has worked hard to instil in the day to day working culture of CIB “We are the only bank in Egypt where staff have not gone on strike.  We work hard to align our business culture both with our shareholders and our staff; we look after them as we would a family. In consequence we think the culture here at the bank is healthy and very strong,” he says. He explains that this cohesion has been built up over years and has involved some degree of ruthlessness.  “Most failures are down to having the wrong people in place and you are shy of changing them; we have no such qualms at the bank.”

All business sectors in Egypt have been affected by the aftermath of the collapse of former president Hosni Mubarak’s regime, particularly the country’s banking sector, which in recent years has worked hard to improve liquidity, introduce tighter monetary regulations and adopt various reforms. Although in general terms Egypt remains under-banked (only around 15% of the population have bank accounts); over the last decade the sector has undergone substantial consolidation, and the number of banks has decreased from 57 to 39. Both private and public banks were closed during the 18-day uprising that toppled Mubarak, then closed again for a week due to workers’ protests demanding wage parity. CIB was the exception.

Moreover, at the height of the crisis, on February 1st, CIB staff came into work to ensure that customer salaries were processed as normal. “We brought in our own security companies, to ensure that people needing cash could get it. The staff came in and secured our buildings over the worst of the crisis; it wasn’t a drill, but one of the best stress tests we could have had. It showed we could operate in the most uncertain of times. I am proud to say that the staff had the courage to do it.”

The crisis has been tough on the bank as most lending is for corporate business; with mortgages and car loans still a discrete business. “Most of this business is based around payroll and rolls through cards and personal loans,” says Ezz Al Arab, adding that: “the business was launched back in 2009. After the shutdown, the business came through at expected limits; so we cannot complain. The corporate side is a very deep culture at the bank and goes back to our Chase Manhattan days. We are still strongly committed to the cash flow based credit models that we adopted decades ago, and most players in the region followed later on.”

This year the banking segment has also had to work towards adopting Basel III requirements which, in practice, means banks have had to adopt broader measures of risk and demonstrate that they adhere to sound risk management practices that are publicly disclosed.  Basel III also solidifies the definition of capital and calls for stronger conditions for managing liquidity. The banking segment was set to conclude the final phase by this summer, but further reforms may be delayed due to the current circumstances. Even so, several banks continue to raise their capital reserves. What this means explains Ezz Al-Arab is capital adequacy running at 15%, double that of banks in the United States or Europe. We also run a loans/deposit ratio of around 50%, giving us the opportunity to grow. The financial strength of the bank surpasses Basel requirements; but we continue to be penalised by country ceilings.

Whatever the outcome of impending elections in Egypt in mid December 2011 (it appears to be a closing tie between the Muslim Brotherhood and the rising Noor Party), the challenge for any incoming government will be to integrate the official and the grey economy, tackle political corruption and lay the groundwork for economic prosperity. If the country is lucky, it will go down a similar route to Turkey where an Islamic governing party adheres to pragmatic capitalist principles; with all the attendant opportunities that this will provide for the Egyptian banking segment. “If the government insists on collections and paying of duties and the processing of these payments electronically, then obviously the banks will benefit,” explains Ezz Al Arab. “Traffic fines, car licences, etc all have to go through the banks; at the same time it will cut petty corruption and the grey economy. In Egypt the grey economy is at least equal to the GDP; in some ways it is good, because it employs the sometimes unemployable. In other ways it is bad, as the government misses out on substantial tax revenue.”

For Ezz Al Arab, the business of integrating political changes, of lessening corruption and creating conditions for growth centres around trust: “which must operate at every level of society,” he states.

For the time being CIB is focusing on doing more of the same:  “We will have opened five branches by the end of December in new urban areas and we are planning for more branches in 2012, with further growth on the loan book and deposits,” says Ezz Al Arab.  Up to now the policy has been working; the bank claims a growth of 10% in market share overall, backed up by growth of 8.4% in the bank’s loan book and 7.19% growth in deposits up to September 1st, despite  the introduction of some impairments which impacted on overall profits for the year. “The important thing in this regard, is that the bank did it by the book. That was important for us,” he says.

Ezz Al Arab, remains optimistic about the long term: “Our focus is Egypt and we are sure that political changes will bring the accountability that the market needs and we believe this will all be in place within the next three to four years. When you are accountable it changes everything; because everything is done properly, by the book and business is about what you know, rather than who you know. That has to be a good thing.”

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