Friday 19th December 2014
NEWS TICKER: THURSDAY DECEMBER 18TH 2014: Scotiabank’s Commodity Price Index dropped -4.8% m/m in November (-6.1% yr/yr) and will end 2014 in a ‘deflationary’ mode, says economist Patricia Mohr. "Significant capacity expansion and the defence of market share by major oil and iron ore producers— against a backdrop of lacklustre world economic growth — account for the softness at the end of the year," she says. Mohr adds that the decision by Saudi Arabia not to reduce output to shore up international oil prices, but instead to allow prices to drop to levels curbing US shale development appears to be having a negative impact on confidence in a wide variety of other commodity as well as equity markets. She predicts prices will fall further this month, but will start to rebound in mid 201 - Jonathan Hill, the EU's financial-services commissioner, says he plans to pursue rules that separate a bank's proprietary trading from retail operations. "The sensible thing to do is to seek to make progress quickly" on the issue, Hill said. "There are still areas of risk in some of the biggest and most complicated banks,” reports Bloomberg- CME Group, said yesterday that it will change daily price limits in its CME Feeder Cattle futures effective today, pursuant to its emergency action authority. The current daily price limit for CME Feeder Cattle futures is $3.00 per hundredweight and will change to $4.50 per hundredweight effective on trade date December 18th Additionally, effective December 19th (tomorrow) these limits will have the ability to expand by 150% to $6.75 per hundredweight on any business day in the event that one of the first two contract months settles at limit on the previous trading day. CME Feeder Cattle futures have been locked limit for five consecutive days as a result of various factors. The change to daily price limits is necessary to ensure continued price discovery and risk transfer, says the CME. Daily price limits for CME Live Cattle futures will remain unchanged at $3.00 per hundredweight. Effective Friday, December 19th, these limits will have the ability to expand by 150 percent to $4.50 per hundredweight in the event that one of the first two contract months settles at limit on the previous trading day - The Straits Times Index (STI) ended +16.42 points higher or +0.51% to 3243.65, taking the year-to-date performance to +2.49%. The FTSE ST Mid Cap Index gained +0.29% while the FTSE ST Small Cap Index gained +0.71%. The top active stocks were Keppel Corp (+2.68%), SingTel (-1.02%), DBS (+2.36%), Global Logistic (-3.21%) and UOB (+0.30%). The outperforming sectors today were represented by the FTSE ST Basic Materials Index (+3.13%). The two biggest stocks of the FTSE ST Basic Materials Index are Midas Holdings (+6.38%) and Geo Energy Resources (unchanged). The underperforming sector was the FTSE ST Telecommunications Index, which declined -0.98% with SingTel’s share price declining -1.02% and StarHub’s share price declining-0.73%. The three most active Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) by value today were the IS MSCI India (+2.56%), DBXT CSI300 ETF (+0.42%), STI ETF (+0.61%). The three most active Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) by value were Ascendas REIT (-0.42%), Keppel DC REIT (unchanged), Suntec REIT (+0.26%). The most active index warrants by value today were HSI23400MBeCW150129 (+7.32%), HSI22600MBePW150129 (unchanged), HSI24000MBeCW150129 (+12.50%). The most active stock warrants by value today were KepCorp MBeCW150602 (+21.95%), DBS MB eCW150420 (+29.29%), DBS MB ePW150402 (-18.03%) - Spain’s Director of Public Prosecutions, Eduardo Torres Dulce, has resigned from the post for “personal reasons”, Spanish daily El Mundo reported this morning. A spokesman for the Public Prosecutor’s office confirmed the news by telephone to The Spain Report, saying that Mr. Torres Dulce had informed Justice Minister Rafael Catalá of his decision: “but that it perhaps would not come into effect until they find a replacement”. That decision is taken at cabinet level. The next cabinet meeting for Rajoy’s government is tomorrow morning - Hedge funds including Marshall Wace, Odey Asset Management and Lansdowne Partners are shorting OTP Bank Plc, a Hungarian lender with a Russian subsidiary whose shares have fallen almost 6% this month reports Albourne Village. All three London-based funds took or increased their position this month in OTP, Hungary’s largest lender, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The ruble rose today in Moscow after plunging as much as 19%against the dollar yesterday, when Russia’s central bank increased interest rates to 17% percent from 10.5 percent in an attempt to stem the decline. The ruble is down 52% this year and has taken a disproportionate beating in the wake of sanctions and falling oil prices. The country still has the third largest currency reserves in the world and so is unlikely to default. According to Eric Chaney, Manolis Davradakis and Greg Venizelos from AXA IM’s Research and Investment Strategy team Russia will likely resort to fiscal stimulus to contain the risk of social and political unrest. Capital controls, political unrest and even default on private hard currency debts are possible outcomes they say. They credit default swaps market is pricing a one-third probability of sovereign default within five years - Indonesia is ramping up financing for its $439bn development program, planning an almost fivefold increase in sales of project sukuk. The government is seeking to raise IDR7.14trn rupiah (around $568m) from notes that will fund particular construction ventures next year, compared with IDR1.5trn this year, which say local press reports, will help finance its estimated spending of about IDR5,519trn from 2015 to 2019 to build roads, railways and power plants.

CBI comments on Barnier speech on Solvency II and infrastructure investment

Friday, 01 June 2012
CBI comments on Barnier speech on Solvency II and infrastructure investment “It’s good to hear Commissioner Barnier recognising the important role insurers have to play as long-term investors in infrastructure. The insurance sector will be critical to funding much-needed upgrades to our infrastructure both in the UK and across Europe, says Rhian Kelly, CBI Director for Business Environment policy, adding: “The European Commission must ensure that it makes commercial sense for insurers to invest in infrastructure, including BBB grade assets.” The full speech by Commissioner Barnier at the Insurance Europe Conference in Amsterdam,  covers reforms to the insurance industry, is reproduced below. http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

“It’s good to hear Commissioner Barnier recognising the important role insurers have to play as long-term investors in infrastructure. The insurance sector will be critical to funding much-needed upgrades to our infrastructure both in the UK and across Europe," says Rhian Kelly, CBI Director for Business Environment policy, adding: “The European Commission must ensure that it makes commercial sense for insurers to invest in infrastructure, including BBB grade assets.” The full speech by Commissioner Barnier at the Insurance Europe Conference in Amsterdam,  covers reforms to the insurance industry, is reproduced below.

You know that my roadmap is the same as that of the G20. In a few weeks’ time we will have put forward some 30 texts covering the whole range of decisions taken by the G20 in response to the crisis.

Europe has shown it is determined to restore stability in its financial system. It must now prove its willingness to put its real economy back on the path of sustainable growth. This should be our priority for the coming months.

I am convinced that, since insurers are a force for stability and continuity on financial markets, and especially as they can invest for the long term, they have a key role to play in getting Europe back on track for sustainable growth.

I am also certain that the three major regulatory projects under way can help them in that role.

First and foremost I am thinking of Solvency II, which is an effective supervisory system. At the end of 2010, insurers had invested more than 7,400 billion euro worth of assets, which is more than 50% of European GDP. It is in the interest of Europe and of policy holders for those assets to be allocated optimally in order to finance sustainable growth.

Similarly, I think a modernised pension fund supervisory regime should allow funding to be channelled properly towards the real economy without undermining the protection of current and future pensioners. These are the stakes in the revision of the IORP Directive (institutions for occupational retirement provision).

Lastly, the financial system will not contribute fully to sustainable growth in the real economy until confidence is restored among its ‘users’. This is the aim of the initiatives we will be proposing for the protection of investors and consumers of financial services. In particular, the revision of the insurance mediation Directive (IMD) comes to mind.

Allow me to elaborate on the three projects I mentioned.

I – Solvency II

As you know, our aim with Solvency II is to introduce for all European insurers and reinsurers an efficient, modern, economic solvency system based on real risks. While it is true that this system was designed in very different economic circumstances from those we have seen in recent years, I think the Framework Directive adopted in 2009 is sufficiently flexible to allow all the changes necessary to take account of the current state of the economy.

These changes are important because the Solvency II regime should allow insurers to fully play their part in the return to sustainable growth in Europe.

Which steps have we taken under Solvency II to recognise the role of insurers as long-term investors?

I would mention three points:

·                     Firstly, a reminder that the framework set out in the Directive was not designed to prevent insurers investing in certain categories of assets. On the contrary, they will have greater freedom to invest since the absolute limits by category of asset currently in force will cease to exist. In addition, the capital requirements will be reduced for insurers who diversify their asset portfolio.

·                     Next, Solvability II recognises that it is better for insurers offering policies with long-term guarantees to invest for the long term rather than the short term. For example, it seems logical for an insurer offering pension policies with guarantees lasting several decades to invest in very long maturity bonds. In such a case, the capital burden under Solvency II would be lower than if the insurer invested in short-term bonds. A very long-term investment of this kind could be used, for example, to fund infrastructure projects and thereby create growth. Thus, Solvency II allows asset-liability management, which is inherent to the insurance profession, to benefit the real economy.

·                     To strengthen insurers’ impact on sustainable growth in the real economy, it is therefore important to foster their ability to provide long-term guarantees. That is what we have been doing over the last few months in close cooperation with the insurance industry and governments in Europe. This has enabled us to come up with a set of solutions that take account of the concerns of several Member States. The discussions on the Omnibus II Directive now include these aspects and I hope the European Parliament, whose role is essential in this matter, will soon reach a balanced agreement with the Council on the issue of long-term guarantees. We are doing our utmost to ensure that the agreement contains various well-tailored solutions to address the concerns expressed by the insurance sector and to avoid certain markets or insurers being penalised by the new system. At the same time, we wish to see swift progress in the discussions as we need to stick to the timetable we have set ourselves.

While we are on the subject of the timetable, I would like to stress one point: in the Commission’s view it is important for Solvency II to enter into force as soon as possible. We have been working on this project with the industry for more than 10 years now.

What are we doing to ensure Solvency II applies from 1 January 2014?

Although our proposal for the Omnibus II Directive was published at the very beginning of 2011, Parliament only took a position on the text at the beginning of spring 2012. This meant that the discussions between Parliament and the Council started quite late. Rapid progress has been made though and I am hopeful that a political agreement will be reached over the coming weeks. However, if nothing happens, there is a major risk that the Solvency II Directive will not be officially amended in time, that is before 1 November 2012.

That is why on 16 May 2012 we made a very targeted proposal to amend Solvency II on this point alone, in other words to change the date of implementation by the Member States. Parliament and the Council should, therefore, decide very shortly that Solvency II will apply from 1 January 2014.

Once the Omnibus II Directive has been adopted, the system will be ready to be put in place very quickly and the Commission will then be able to table the implementing texts (‘Level 2’) completing the Framework Directive. Similarly, the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA) will be able to submit its draft technical standards to the Commission.

II – Directive on institutions for occupational retirement provision (IORPs)

I am aware that the planned revision of the Directive on institutions for occupational retirement provision, also known as the ‘IORP Directive’ or the ‘pension funds Directive’, has given rise to a great deal of concern here in the Netherlands and in other Member States such as Germany and the United Kingdom. The argument I often hear is that pension funds in general have withstood the crisis well so there is no need to amend the existing rules.

However, I would like to insist on the need for this revision. We cannot allow ourselves to look only at the current situation. We also have to take into account the safety of future pensioners and their trust in the system! If we do not start the necessary reforms today, there will be no guarantee that the occupational pensions paid out in 10 or 20 or 30 years will be adequate. This is a matter of our common responsibility towards future generations.

But let me be very clear: contrary to reports in the press and as I have already said on several occasions – including at our Brussels conference on 1 March – we do not intend to apply all the Solvency II rules to occupational pensions institutions.

Nevertheless, European regulation of insurance companies is important for pension funds because of the legal link between the two. The pension funds Directive dating from 2003 currently refers to the applicable insurance legislation – namely, the Solvency I directives! The transition to Solvency II for insurers therefore raises the following question: how can pension funds also be made to benefit from more effective regulation that is better adapted to today’s challenges?

I believe it is important in regulatory terms to maintain a level playing field between insurance companies and pension funds when they supply similar and interchangeable products. I do not wish to penalise either of them.

We must remember that an occupational pension scheme is not an insurance policy. However, in so far as the risks underwritten by an insurance company or a pension fund are the same, I think the prudential rules should also be the same. This is necessary so as not to promote regulatory arbitrage in the single market.

I would stress though that we have not yet spelled out the new rules for pension funds. No final decision has yet been taken on this matter. The preparatory work is under way. Over the coming months, the Commission will continue to work closely with EIOPA – and I welcome Gabriel Bernardino, who is with us here this morning – and all the other stakeholders to ensure that the final text hits the right note. The Commission is mindful of the big differences between the pension systems currently in place in Member States. Those differences must be taken into account in our revision.

Given the complexity and importance of this issue, and particularly the need for first-rate quantitative impact assessments, I have decided to take a few more months to finalise the revision. We therefore expect to table the revised Directive before summer 2013, rather than at the end of 2012.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Although the current discussions on pensions are largely focused on pension funds, in my view insurance companies also have a key role to play in this area. The work on insurance products with long-term guarantees under Solvency II that I mentioned before is heading in the same direction. As I explained, this work will have a profound impact on the ability of insurers to invest for the long term. The same would also apply to pension funds if a similar approach is chosen.

More generally, we will shortly be launching a green paper on this key issue of long-term investment. In this regard, I would like to examine the impact of our proposals, especially Capital Requirements Directive IV (CRD IV) and the Solvency II Directive. I will also seek new ways of encouraging this long-term investment, which is particularly essential for funding major infrastructure projects and the environmental transition.

III – Insurance mediation Directive (IMD)

As I have pointed out, to make the financial system fully serve the real economy, another crucial priority is the protection of investors and consumers of financial services.

In this regard, we shall be proposing three key initiatives in the coming weeks:

Firstly, we want to better protect consumers of packaged retail investment products (PRIPS) by introducing harmonised and transparent information requirements. These products are now so complex and obscure that too often consumers buy them when it is not in their interest to do so. In this context, I can assure you that the rules to be applied will take account of the specific nature of the insurance sector.

Secondly, the Madoff fraud case in the United States, in which some Europeans lost money, has exposed the loopholes in regulating UCITS. Our aim is to provide better protection for those investing in such products by introducing stricter liability rules for the loss of financial instruments kept in a depositary bank.

Finally, a subject that concerns you directly: we want to protect consumers of insurance products, especially by creating a ‘level playing field’ between the different providers of these products. That is why the IMD Directive must include within its scope direct selling of insurance. We think that each policy holder should be given the same level of information and protection, wherever they purchase their insurance guarantee. I will be submitting a text to Parliament and the Council that represents real progress in terms of transparency, including on remuneration, responsible risk management and removing conflicts of interest.

As regards restoring consumer confidence, I also have in mind the confidence insurers inspire when they work together to reduce the risk or limit the impact of the catastrophic consequences that can result from natural or industrial disasters. I intend to publish a green paper open to public consultation on the subject of insurance and disasters. It will be designed as a forum for the exchange of experience and good practice in the Member States. The role of insurers will be acknowledged and discussed and I would invite you all to take part in this very important debate.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Insurers and reinsurers are guardians of stability and continuity on the financial markets. In the current context, they are more important than ever.

In this regard, we must restore confidence in the ability of the financial system to channel funding towards the real economy over the long term while protecting investors and consumers.

By moving in this direction, our proposals on Solvency II, insurance intermediaries and occupational pensions institutions give us an opportunity to help put the European economy back on the path towards sustainable growth.

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