Sunday 14th February 2016
NEWS TICKER: FRIDAY, JANUARY 12TH: Morningstar has moved the Morningstar Analyst Rating™ for the Fidelity Global Inflation Linked Bond fund to Neutral. The fund previously held a Bronze rating. Ashis Dash, manager research analyst at Morningstar, says, “The fund’s rating was placed Under Review following the news that co-manager Jeremy Church was leaving Fidelity. Lead manager, Andrew Weir, who has managed the fund since launch in May 2008, remains in charge and is further supported by the new co-manager, Tim Foster. While we acknowledge Weir’s considerable experience in the inflation-linked space, some recent stumbles and below-benchmark returns over time have led us to lower our conviction in the fund. This is currently reflected by our Neutral rating.” - Italian GDP growth looks to have stalled to 0.1pc in the last quarter of 2015, falling below analyst expectations of 0.3% growth. The Italian economy grew by just 0.6% last year having come out of its worst slump since before the pyramids were built. The slowdown will put further pressure on reforming Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi, who has been battling to save a banking system lumbering under €201bn (£156bn) of bad debt, equivalent to as much as 12% of GDP. It is a serious situation and one which threatens Italy’s traditionally benign relationship with the European Union. The EU’s bail in rules for bank defaults seeks to force creditors to take the brunt of any banking failures. Italy suffered four bank closures last year, which meant losses of something near €800m on junior bond holders (with much of the exposure held by Italian retail investors). No surprise perhaps, Italian bank stocks have taken a beating this year, Unicredit shares are currently €3.06, compared with a price of €6.41 in April last year. In aggregate Italian banking shares are down by more than 20% over the last twelve months. Italian economy minister Pier Carlo Padoan told Reuters at the beginning of February that there isn’t any connection between the sharp fall in European banking stocks, as he called on Brussels for a gradual introduction of the legislation. He stressed that he did not want legislation changed, just deferred - Is current market volatility encouraging issuers to table deals? Oman Telecommunications Co OTL.OM (Omantel) has reportedly scrapped plans to issue a $130m five-year dual-currency sukuk, reports the Muscat bourse. Last month, the state-run company priced the sukuk at a profit rate of 5.3%, having received commitments worth $82.16m in the dollar tranche and OMR18.4m ($47.86m) in the rial tranche. Meantime, Saudi Arabia's Bank Albilad says it plans to issue SAR1bn-SAR2bn ($267m-$533m) of sukuk by the end of the second quarter of 2016 to finance expansion, chief executive Khaled al-Jasser told CNBC Arabia - The US Commodity Futures Trading Commission (Commission) announces that the Energy and Environmental Markets Advisory Committee (EEMAC) will hold a public meeting at the Commission’s Washington, DC headquarters located at 1155 21st Street, NW, Washington, DC 20581. The meeting will take place on February 25th from 10:00 am to 1:30 pm – Local press reports say the UAE central bank will roll out new banking regulations covering board and management responsibilities and accountability – Following yesterday’s Eurogroup meeting, Jeroen Dijsselbloem, says that “Overall, the economic recovery in the eurozone continues and is expected to strengthen this year and next. At the same time, there are increasing downside risks and there is volatility in the markets all around the world. The euro area is structurally in a much better position now than some years ago. And this is true also for European banks. With Banking Union, we have developed mechanisms in the euro area to bring stability to the financial sector and to reduce the sovereign-banking nexus. Capital buffers have been raised, supervision has been strengthened, and we have clear and common rules for resolution. So overall, structurally we are now in a better position and we need to continue a gradual recovery”. Speaking at the press conference that followed the conclusion of the February 11th Eurogroup, Dijsselbloem also acknowledged that “good progress” has been made in official discussions between Greece and its officials creditors in the context of the 1st programme review. Yet, he noted that more work is needed for reaching a staff level agreement on the required conditionality, mostly on the social security pension reform, fiscal issues and the operation of the new privatization fund. On the data front, according to national account statistics for the fourth quarter of 2016 (flash estimate), Greece’s real GDP, in seasonally and calendar adjusted terms, decreased by 0.6%QoQ compared to -1.4%QoQ in Q3. The NBS Executive Board decided in its meeting today to cut the key policy rate by 0.25 pp, to 4.25%. - Today’s early European session saw an uptick in energy stocks, banking shares and US futures. Brent and WTI crude oil futures both jumped over 4% to $31.28 a barrel and $27.36 respectively before paring gains slightly; all this came on the back of promised output cuts by OPEC. That improving sentiment did not extend to Asia where the Nikkei fell to a one-year low. Japan's main index fell to its lowest level in more than a year after falling 4.8% in trading today, bringing losses for the week to over 11%. Yet again though the yen strengthened against the US dollar, which was down 0.1% ¥112.17. Swissquote analysts says, “We believe there is still some downside potential for the pair; however traders are still trying to understand what happened yesterday - when USD/JPY spiked two figures in less than 5 minutes - and will likely remain sidelined before the weekend break.” Japanese market turbulence is beginning to shake the government and may spur further easing measures if not this month, then next. Trevor Greetham, head of multi asset at Royal London Asset Management, says “When policy makers start to panic, markets can stop panicking. We are seeing the first signs of policy maker panic in Japan with Prime Minister Abe holding an emergency meeting with Bank of Japan Governor Kuroda. We are going to get a lot of new stimulus over the next few weeks and not just in Japan. I expect negative interest rates to be used more in Japan and in Europe and I expect this policy to increase bank lending and weaken currencies for the countries that pursue it”. Greetham agrees that both the yen and euro have strengthened despite negative rates. “Some of this is due to the pricing out of Fed rate hike expectations; some is temporary and to do with risk aversion. In a market sell off money tends to flow away from high yielding carry currencies to low yielding funding currencies and this effect is dominating in the short term”. Australia's S&P ASX 200 closed down 1.2%. In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng settled down 1.01. in New Zealand the NZX was down 0.89%, while in South Korea the Kospi slid 1.41%. The Straits Times Index (STI) ended 1.25 points or 0.05% higher to 2539.53, taking the year-to-date performance to -11.91%. The top active stocks today were DBS, which declined 0.91%, SingTel, which gained 1.13%, JMH USD, which declined 1.39%, OCBC Bank, which gained 0.13% and UOB, with a0.34% advance. The FTSE ST Mid Cap Index declined 0.50%, while the FTSE ST Small Cap Index declined0.31%. Thai equities were down 0.38%, the Indian Sensex slip 0.71%, while Indonesian equities were down another 1.16%. The euro was down 0.3% against the dollar at $1.1285, even after data showed Germany's economy remained on a steady yet modest growth path at the end of last year. Gold fell 0.7% to $1238.80 an ounce, after gold gained 4.5% Thursday to its highest level in a year. Greetham summarises: “Like a lot of people, we went into this year's sell off moderately overweight equities and it has been painful. What we have seen has been a highly technical market with many forced sellers among oil-producing sovereign wealth funds and financial institutions protecting regulatory capital buffers. However, economic fundamentals in the large developed economies remain positive, unemployment rates are falling and consumers will benefit hugely from lower energy prices and loose monetary policy.”

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IOSCO consults on liquidity risk management for collective investment schemes

Thursday, 26 April 2012
IOSCO consults on liquidity risk management for collective investment schemes The Technical Committee of the International Organisation of Securities Commissions has published the consultation report Principles of Liquidity Risk Management for Collective Investment Schemes, which outlines a set of principles against which both the industry and regulators can assess the quality of regulation and industry practices relating to liquidity risk management for collective investment schemes (CIS).  http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

The Technical Committee of the International Organisation of Securities Commissions has published the consultation report Principles of Liquidity Risk Management for Collective Investment Schemes, which outlines a set of principles against which both the industry and regulators can assess the quality of regulation and industry practices relating to liquidity risk management for collective investment schemes (CIS). 

The Technical Committee of the International Organisation of Securities Commissions has outlined a set of principles against which both the industry and regulators can assess the quality of regulation and industry practices relating to liquidity risk management for collective investment schemes (CIS).   

Since the outbreak of the global financial crisis, the issue of liquidity has been a major concern for regulators, although the discussions on regulatory reform have focused more on the importance of liquidity in the banking sector rather than in other sectors. However, the asset management sector has specificities to be kept in mind when setting policy recommendations.



 Good liquidity risk management is a key feature of the correct operation of a CIS, as the right to redeem units/shares is a defining characteristic of open-ended schemes. Liquidity risk management is complex and a CIS may experience liquidity issues as, for example, when the market in which it is invested closes unexpectedly. However, asset managers have regulatory and practical tools to manage liquidity both on the asset side and on the investor side.  In exceptional circumstances, a liquidity issue could lead to a CIS temporarily suspending all investor redemptions. IOSCO recently published the report Principles on Suspensions of Redemptions in Collective Investment Schemes addressing this issue.

The fundamental requirement of liquidity risk management is to ensure that the degree of liquidity that the open-ended CIS manages allows it in general to meet redemption obligations and other liabilities.  The principles of liquidity risk management provide details on how compliance with this requirement can be achieved. Generally, these principles aim to reflect a level of common approach and to be a practical guide for regulators and industry practitioners. Implementation of the principles may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, depending on local circumstances and legal and regulatory structures.

The principles of liquidity risk management for CIS

 The principles of liquidity risk management for CIS are divided into two groups related to the life span of a CIS: the pre-launch and the day-to-day liquidity risk management. They include the following:

 Principle 1

The responsible entity should draw up an effective liquidity risk management process, compliant with local jurisdictional liquidity requirements

 Principle 2

The responsible entity should set appropriate liquidity limits which are proportionate to the redemption obligations and liabilities of the CIS

 Principle 3

The responsible entity should carefully determine a suitable dealing frequency for units in the CIS  

 Principle 4

Where permissible and appropriate for a particular CIS, and in the interests of investors, the responsible entity should include the ability to use specific tools or exceptional measures which could affect redemption rights in the CIS’s constitutional documents

 Principle 5

The responsible entity should consider liquidity aspects related to its proposed distribution channels

 Principle 6

The responsible entity should ensure that it will have access to, or can effectively estimate, relevant information for liquidity management

 Principle 7

The responsible entity should ensure that liquidity risk and its liquidity risk management process are effectively disclosed to prospective investors

 Principle 8

The responsible entity should effectively perform and maintain its liquidity risk management process

 Principle 9

The responsible entity’s liquidity risk management process must be supported by strong and effective governance

 Principle 10

The responsible entity should regularly assess the liquidity of the assets held in the portfolio

  Principle 11

The responsible entity should integrate liquidity management in investment decisions

Principle 12

The liquidity risk management process should facilitate the ability of the responsible entity to identify an emerging liquidity shortage before it occurs

 Principle 13

The responsible entity should be able to incorporate relevant data and factors into its liquidity risk management process in order to create a robust and holistic view of the possible risks

 Principle 14

The responsible entity should conduct assessments of liquidity in different scenarios, including stressed situations

 Principle 15

The responsible entity should ensure appropriate records are kept, and relevant disclosures made, relating to the performance of its liquidity risk management process

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