Sunday 7th February 2016
NEWS TICKER: Friday, February 5th: According to Reuters, Venezuela's central bank has begun negotiations with Deutsche Bank AG to carry out gold swaps to improve the liquidity of its foreign reserves as it faces debt payments of some $9.5bn this year. Around 64% of Venezuela's $15.4bn reserves are held in gold bars, which in this fluid market impedes the central bank's ability to mobilise hard currency for imports or debt service. We called the central bank to confirm the story, but press spokesmen would not comment - The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) says official foreign currency reserves stood at $357bn (equivalent to seven times the currency in circulation or 48% of Hong Kong M3) as at the end of January, down compared with reserve assets of $358.8bn in December. There were no unsettled foreign exchange contracts at month end (end-December: $0.1bn) - BNP Paribas today set out plans to cut investment banking costs by 12% by 2019 to bolster profitability and reassure investors about the quality of its capital buffers. The bank is the latest in a line of leading financial institutions, including Credit Suisse, Barclays and Deutsche Bank which look to be moving away from capital intensive activities. BNP Paribas has been selling non-core assets and cutting back on operations including oil and gas financing for the last few years as it looks to achieve a target of 10% return on equity. Last year the bank announced a €900m write-down on its BNL unit in Italy, which pushed down Q4 net income down 51.7% to €665m - Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE)-listed tech company, Huge Group, will move its listing from the Alternative Exchange (AltX) to the JSE main board on March 1st - Moody's says it has assigned Aaa backed senior unsecured local-currency ratings to a drawdown under export credit provider Oesterreichische Kontrollbank's (OKB) (P)Aaa-rated backed senior unsecured MTN program. The outlook is negative in line with the negative outlook assigned to the Aaa ratings of the Republic of Austria, which guarantees OKB’s liabilities under the Austrian Export Financing Guarantees Act – As the first phase of talks between Greece and its creditors draws to an end, International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde stressed to journalists in Greece that debt relief is as important as the reforms that creditors are demanding, notably of the pension system. "I have always said that the Greek program has to walk on two legs: one is significant reforms and one is debt relief. If the pension [system] cannot be as significantly and substantially reformed as needed, we could need more debt relief on the other side." Greece's pension system must become sustainable irrespective of any debt relief that creditors may decide to provide, Lagarde said, adding that 10% of gross domestic product into financing the pension system, compared to an average of 2.5% in the EU, is not sustainable. She called for "short-term measures that will make it sustainable in the long term,” but did not outline what those measures might be. According to Eurobank in Athens, IMF mission heads reportedly met this morning with the Minister of Labour, Social Insurance and Social Solidarity, Georgios Katrougalos, before the team is scheduled to leave Athens today. According to the local press, it appears that differences exist between the Greek government and official creditors on the planned overhaul of the social security pension system. Provided that things go as planned, the heads are reportedly expected to return by mid-February with a view to completing the review by month end, or at worst early March. In its Winter 2016 Economic Forecast published yesterday, the European Commission revised higher Greece’s GDP growth forecast for 2015 and 2016 to 0.0% and -0.7%, respectively, from -1.4% and 1.-3% previously - Fitch says that The Bank of Italy's (BoI) recent designation of three banks as 'other systemically important institutions' (O-SIIs) has no impact on its ratings of the relevant mortgage covered bond (Obbligazioni Bancarie Garantite or OBG) programmes. Last month, BoI identified UniCredit, Intesa Sanpaolo. and Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena as Italian O-SIIs. Banco Popolare and Mediobanca have not been designated O-SIIs. This status is the equivalent of domestic systemically important bank status under EU legislation. Fitch rates two OBG programmes issued by UC and one issued by BMPS, which incorporates a one-notch Issuer Default Rating (IDR) uplift above the banks' IDRs. The uplift can be assigned if covered bonds are exempt from bail-in, as is the case with OBG programmes under Italy's resolution regime and in this instance takes account of the issuers' importance in the Italian banking sector – Meantime, according to local press reports, Italian hotel group Bauer and special opportunity fund Blue Skye Investment Group report they have completed the rescheduling and refinancing of Bauer’s €110m debt through the issue of new bonds and the sale of non-core assets, such as the farming business Aziende Agricole Bennati, whose sale has already been agreed, the Palladio Hotel & Spa and a luxury residence Villa F in Venice’s Giudecca island – Meantime, Russian coal and steel producer Mechel has also agreed a restructuring of its debt with credits after two intense years of talks. The mining company, is controlled by businessman Igor Zyuzin - Asian markets had a mixed day, coming under pressure. Dollar strengthening worries investors in Asia; from today’s trading it looks like dollar weakening does as well. Actually, that’s not the issue, the dollar has appreciated steadily over the last year as buyers anticipated Fed tightening; but it has hurt US exports and that has contributed to investor nervousness over the past few weeks, which is why everyone is hanging on today’s The nonfarm payrolls report, a bellwether of change – good or bad in the American economic outlook. Back to Asia. The Nikkei 225 ended the day at 16819.15, down 225.40 points, or 1.32%; and as the stock market fell the yen continued to strengthen. The Nikkei has shed 5.85% this week. The dollar-yen pair fell to the 116-handle, at 116.82 in afternoon trade; earlier this week, the pair was trading above 120. It is a hard lesson for the central bank, whose efforts to take the heat out of the yen by introducing negative interest rates has done nothing of the sort. Australia's ASX 200 closed down 4.15 points, or 0.08% after something of a mixed week. The index closed at 4976.20, with the financial sector taking most of the heat today, with the sector down 0.7%. In contrast, energy and materials sectors finished in positive territory, buoyed by gains in commodities. The Hang Seng Index closed at 19288.17, up 105.08 points (or 0.55%) while the Shanghai Composite was down 0.61%. down 17.07 points to 2763.95. The Shenzhen composite dropped 20.36 points (1.15%) to 1750.70, while the Kospi rose marginally by 0.08% to 1917.79. Today is the last day of trading on the Chinese exchanges for a week.

Latest Video

IOSCO publishes a report on institutional investors in emerging markets

Thursday, 14 June 2012
IOSCO publishes a report on institutional investors in emerging markets The International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has published  a report on Development and Regulation of Institutional Investors in Emerging Markets, which focuses on a wide range of developmental issues and challenges faced by emerging markets seeking to develop their institutional investor base. Some of these challenges include limited capital market size and liquidity, competition to capital market investment from substitute services, regulatory restrictions, overly dominant distribution channels and constraints on cross-border activities. Additional discussions on related macro-economic and capital market conditions in the emerging markets and analysis of cross-border activities of institutional investors are also included in the report.     http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

The International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has published  a report on Development and Regulation of Institutional Investors in Emerging Markets, which focuses on a wide range of developmental issues and challenges faced by emerging markets seeking to develop their institutional investor base. Some of these challenges include limited capital market size and liquidity, competition to capital market investment from substitute services, regulatory restrictions, overly dominant distribution channels and constraints on cross-border activities. Additional discussions on related macro-economic and capital market conditions in the emerging markets and analysis of cross-border activities of institutional investors are also included in the report.

 

 

The report offers a set of key recommendations for policy makers and regulators looking to attract and better regulate institutional investors in their jurisdictions.  It highlights the importance of the legal protection of property and ownership rights. It also emphasizes the need to ensure reasonable transaction costs, develop flexible trading and hedging mechanisms, remove undue administrative impediments on product authorization processes, build a multi-pillar pension system with tax incentives and provide a level playing field for foreign investors. Finally, the report recommends that regulators periodically review the regulatory framework and coverage, combine deregulation with enhanced supervision and enforcement, and improve coordination with other regulatory bodies to monitor, mitigate and manage systemic risk.

The IOSCO Emerging Markets Committee (EMC) established a Project Team to review the development and regulation of institutional investors in Emerging Markets (EMs), to identify and analyze the issues and challenges for the development and regulation of institutional investors, and to make recommendations that EM regulators may consider as they supervise their respective markets. The Project Team



According to the report institutional investors are playing an increasingly important role in the development of EMs. Markets with large numbers of institutional investors tend to be less volatile and allocate resources and capital more efficiently to companies requiring funding. Highly specialized and managing substantial capital, institutional investors are better positioned to put pressure on corporations and their management to improve corporate governance and transparency. By pooling assets, institutional investors can achieve economies of scale, employ high quality investment professionals, develop better investment strategies and build solid risk management systems, all of which result in higher and more stable returns for investors, says IOSCO.

The report emphasises that in light of the challenges ahead, the development of institutional investors in the EMs calls for concerted efforts by both regulators and the market. It requires a pragmatic and sequenced approach by regulators to ensure that such efforts do not destabilise the financial system, and that adequate safeguards are established at both market and regulatory levels.

The report also contains a number of recommendations to help EM regulators and policy makers develop and regulate institutional investors; most of which are obvious. However, it is acknowledged that some frontier markets lack the appropriate financial markets infrastructure to sustain the evolution of sustainable capital markets and investment. We reproduce the key recommendations below.

Capital Market Environment. The foundation of a well-functioning capital market is the protection of property and ownership rights. In addition to a sound legal system, regulators need to promote proper corporate governance standards and other investor protection measures. A capital market that is favorable to institutional investors should have reasonable transaction costs (both explicit and implicit), a broad range of potentially high-quality investment products and flexible trading and hedging mechanisms.

Product Offering and Innovation. The authorisation process for new product issuance should be simple, fast and free of administrative obstacles. It should also be accompanied by strict post-issuance supervision and prompt regulatory actions when risks and violations occur. A multi-tier issuance regime could be used to lower issuance costs and broaden the product offering. Insofar as risks are manageable, regulators should support innovations that improve market efficiency or broaden investor-friendly product offerings.

Multi-pillar Pension System. The aging population is a major concern in many jurisdictions because it burdens the national pension and social security system. This burden could be shared by private pensions and personal savings plans. The development of a multi-pillar pension system, however, requires an appropriate set of tax incentives. Given that the financial performance of pension plans affects future pensioners’ standards of living, institutional investors in this market should be subject to higher prudential and professional standards.

Distribution Channels and Practices. Regulators should broaden the product distribution channels by increasing the type and number of distributors institutional investors can use. Regulators should introduce detailed rules for distribution practices and encourage Self Regulatory Organizations (SROs) to establish best practice standards on suitability, disclosure, marketing and fees.

Market Openness. Regulators should ensure a level playing field for foreign and domestic investors. Policy makers should gradually loosen or remove restrictions on fund repatriation and capital controls. Regulators should also break down barriers that prevent domestic investors from investing abroad.

Human Capital and Professional Integrity. Regulators and SROs should seek to improve the quality and availability of human capital by training and developing local talent and attracting professionals from other industries or overseas. The incentive structure should align the interests of the professionals with those of the investors. Sound licensing, record keeping and supervision systems should be established for industry professionals.

Regulatory Framework and Financial Stability. In accordance with the IOSCO Principles, regulators should prevent market abuse by building sound surveillance capacity and periodically reviewing their regulatory framework and coverage. Regulators should work together domestically and across jurisdictions, to monitor, mitigate and manage systemic risk.

Related News

Related Articles

Related Blogs

Related Videos

Current Issue