Saturday 25th April 2015
NEWS TICKER: FRIDAY, APRIL 24th 2015:Luc Luyet, CIIA – Senior Market Analyst AT Swissquote says that yesterday, “the SNB surprised the market by announcing that the number of sight deposit account holders that are exempt from negative interest has been reduced. This decision doesn’t change much the domestic banks’ situation as the “20 times the minimum reserve requirement” rule is still running. On the other side, the institutions associated with the Confederation, such as the pension fund of the Confederation or the pension fund of the SNB, are no longer exempt of negative interest. Consequently, only the account holders of the national social security system are still fully exempt.” - High yield debt issuance remains buoyant. Issuance volume for the week ending April 17, 2015, slowed down a bit from the previous week, but remained strong. Junk bond, or high-yield debt, issuers continued to issue bonds as yields remained favourable. High-yield debt is tracked by the SPDR Barclays Capital High Yield Bond ETF and the iShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond Fund. According to data from S&P Capital IQ/LCD, dollar-denominated bonds amounting to $10.75bn were issued across 16 transactions in the week ending April 17th. The issuance volume fell by 3.2% from the week ending April 10. Pricing was evenly spread across the week. The number of transactions fell from 18 to 16 week-over-week. Last week brought the total US dollar issuance of high-yield debt to $115.8bn in 2015 YTD, up some 15% from the same period in 2014, the bulk of which is refinancing of older debt - Moody's says EMEA auto ABS performance remained stable during the three-month period ending February 2015. The sector's average performance trend was positive in terms of delinquency ratios and cumulative losses. The 60+ day delinquencies decreased to 0.66% in February 2015 from 0.77% in February 2014, while cumulative defaults decreased to 1.06% from 1.20% over the same period. This decrease was due mainly to the good performance of the German and Dutch markets. The prepayment rate increased slightly to 13.49% in February 2015 from 13.30% a year earlier. As of February 2015, the pool balance of all outstanding rated auto ABS transactions was €27.55bn - According to Sino specialists Red Pulse, China’s State Council is considering allowing daily repatriation for QFII. Currently, RQFII enjoys T+1 repatriation while QFII is restricted to T+5. QFII is the largest channel for foreign investment into China with quota of USD150bn, however, only half of the quota is in use, like at least partly due to the five-day repatriation stipulation - Malaysia’s state pension fund will offer a Shari’a-compliant investment option for its members by 2017, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak said today. Najib says it will create the largest Shari’a fund of its kind in the world. Malaysia has one of the world’s largest Islamic finance sectors and the authorities are keen to develop it further. They envision the industry accounting for 40% of the country’s total banking assets by 2020 compared with latest figures of around 23% released last year. The $160bn (MYR577.4bn) Employees Provident Fund (EPF) already invests about a third of its portfolio in stocks and bonds that comply with Islamic principles, which ban interest payments and pure monetary speculation. The fund reportedly hired consultants last year to study the feasibility of a state-backed pension fund focusing entirely on Shari’a-compliant investments. Additionally, local press reports says that Malaysia’s sovereign wealth fund Khazanah Nasional has received regulatory approval to issue a MYR1billion (around $275m) socially responsible Islamic bond - The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc has declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share on the company's outstanding common stock, an increase of 67% from the prior $0.15 per share quarterly dividend. The dividend is payable on June 26TH 2015, to shareowners of record at the close of business on June 12TH 2015 - Lazard Ltd today reported operating revenue1 of $581m for the quarter ended March 31st. Adjusted net income was $103m, or $0.77 (diluted) per share for the quarter. These results exclude a pre-tax charge of $63m relating to a debt refinancing2. Q1 2015 net income on a U.S. GAAP basis, including the pre-tax charge, was $56m, or $0.42 (diluted) per share. "Our Financial Advisory and Asset Management businesses continue their strong performance," says Kenneth M. Jacobs, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Lazard. "In the first quarter, we refinanced and repaid a portion of Lazard's long-term debt, significantly reducing our interest costs," adds Matthieu Bucaille, chief financial officer of Lazard. "Consistent with our capital management objectives, we have increased the quarterly dividend by 17%, the fifth increase in as many years." -

IOSCO publishes a report on institutional investors in emerging markets

Thursday, 14 June 2012
IOSCO publishes a report on institutional investors in emerging markets The International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has published  a report on Development and Regulation of Institutional Investors in Emerging Markets, which focuses on a wide range of developmental issues and challenges faced by emerging markets seeking to develop their institutional investor base. Some of these challenges include limited capital market size and liquidity, competition to capital market investment from substitute services, regulatory restrictions, overly dominant distribution channels and constraints on cross-border activities. Additional discussions on related macro-economic and capital market conditions in the emerging markets and analysis of cross-border activities of institutional investors are also included in the report.     http://www.ftseglobalmarkets.com/

The International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has published  a report on Development and Regulation of Institutional Investors in Emerging Markets, which focuses on a wide range of developmental issues and challenges faced by emerging markets seeking to develop their institutional investor base. Some of these challenges include limited capital market size and liquidity, competition to capital market investment from substitute services, regulatory restrictions, overly dominant distribution channels and constraints on cross-border activities. Additional discussions on related macro-economic and capital market conditions in the emerging markets and analysis of cross-border activities of institutional investors are also included in the report.

 

 

The report offers a set of key recommendations for policy makers and regulators looking to attract and better regulate institutional investors in their jurisdictions.  It highlights the importance of the legal protection of property and ownership rights. It also emphasizes the need to ensure reasonable transaction costs, develop flexible trading and hedging mechanisms, remove undue administrative impediments on product authorization processes, build a multi-pillar pension system with tax incentives and provide a level playing field for foreign investors. Finally, the report recommends that regulators periodically review the regulatory framework and coverage, combine deregulation with enhanced supervision and enforcement, and improve coordination with other regulatory bodies to monitor, mitigate and manage systemic risk.

The IOSCO Emerging Markets Committee (EMC) established a Project Team to review the development and regulation of institutional investors in Emerging Markets (EMs), to identify and analyze the issues and challenges for the development and regulation of institutional investors, and to make recommendations that EM regulators may consider as they supervise their respective markets. The Project Team



According to the report institutional investors are playing an increasingly important role in the development of EMs. Markets with large numbers of institutional investors tend to be less volatile and allocate resources and capital more efficiently to companies requiring funding. Highly specialized and managing substantial capital, institutional investors are better positioned to put pressure on corporations and their management to improve corporate governance and transparency. By pooling assets, institutional investors can achieve economies of scale, employ high quality investment professionals, develop better investment strategies and build solid risk management systems, all of which result in higher and more stable returns for investors, says IOSCO.

The report emphasises that in light of the challenges ahead, the development of institutional investors in the EMs calls for concerted efforts by both regulators and the market. It requires a pragmatic and sequenced approach by regulators to ensure that such efforts do not destabilise the financial system, and that adequate safeguards are established at both market and regulatory levels.

The report also contains a number of recommendations to help EM regulators and policy makers develop and regulate institutional investors; most of which are obvious. However, it is acknowledged that some frontier markets lack the appropriate financial markets infrastructure to sustain the evolution of sustainable capital markets and investment. We reproduce the key recommendations below.

Capital Market Environment. The foundation of a well-functioning capital market is the protection of property and ownership rights. In addition to a sound legal system, regulators need to promote proper corporate governance standards and other investor protection measures. A capital market that is favorable to institutional investors should have reasonable transaction costs (both explicit and implicit), a broad range of potentially high-quality investment products and flexible trading and hedging mechanisms.

Product Offering and Innovation. The authorisation process for new product issuance should be simple, fast and free of administrative obstacles. It should also be accompanied by strict post-issuance supervision and prompt regulatory actions when risks and violations occur. A multi-tier issuance regime could be used to lower issuance costs and broaden the product offering. Insofar as risks are manageable, regulators should support innovations that improve market efficiency or broaden investor-friendly product offerings.

Multi-pillar Pension System. The aging population is a major concern in many jurisdictions because it burdens the national pension and social security system. This burden could be shared by private pensions and personal savings plans. The development of a multi-pillar pension system, however, requires an appropriate set of tax incentives. Given that the financial performance of pension plans affects future pensioners’ standards of living, institutional investors in this market should be subject to higher prudential and professional standards.

Distribution Channels and Practices. Regulators should broaden the product distribution channels by increasing the type and number of distributors institutional investors can use. Regulators should introduce detailed rules for distribution practices and encourage Self Regulatory Organizations (SROs) to establish best practice standards on suitability, disclosure, marketing and fees.

Market Openness. Regulators should ensure a level playing field for foreign and domestic investors. Policy makers should gradually loosen or remove restrictions on fund repatriation and capital controls. Regulators should also break down barriers that prevent domestic investors from investing abroad.

Human Capital and Professional Integrity. Regulators and SROs should seek to improve the quality and availability of human capital by training and developing local talent and attracting professionals from other industries or overseas. The incentive structure should align the interests of the professionals with those of the investors. Sound licensing, record keeping and supervision systems should be established for industry professionals.

Regulatory Framework and Financial Stability. In accordance with the IOSCO Principles, regulators should prevent market abuse by building sound surveillance capacity and periodically reviewing their regulatory framework and coverage. Regulators should work together domestically and across jurisdictions, to monitor, mitigate and manage systemic risk.

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