Thursday 26th November 2015
NEWS TICKER, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 26TH: In the last six months River and Mercantile Group (R&M) says has been appointed to design, execute and provide ongoing management of over £1.7bn of structured equity options mandates for pension clients, including the Royal Mail Pension Plan and another FTSE 100 company’s pension scheme. James Barham, global head of Distribution at R&M, says, "With increased volatility in equity markets, we have seen a growing number of clients that are taking advantage of our market leading derivative capabilities to manage the downside exposure in their equity portfolios. The derivatives team at R&M has an exceptional long term track record in designing and managing structured equity solutions for clients over the last ten years. We continue to see significant demand from pensions and institutional clients for structured equity to actively manage the profile of their equity investment returns while maintaining their allocation to equities. The design and execution of these mandate demonstrates R&M’s ability to design innovative, outcome oriented solutions for our clients, which are delivered to meet their governance requirements.” - Demand to borrow Asian stocks surged in the wake of the recent market volatility reports Markit. While short sellers have since pulled back slightly, the current demand to borrow shares across the region is still up by a fifth since the start of the year. Short interest across Asia is up by 18% year to date, reaching 2.7% of free float. However, says Markit, Japanese short selling has been relatively flat since the start of the year. The firm adds that consumer sectors have made Australia the most shorted country in the region - Trayport, a provider of energy trading solutions to traders and exchanges, says Power Solutions Enerji Ticaret ve Danışmanlık Anonim Şirketi has chosen Trayport’s GlobalVision Broker Trading SystemSM (BTS) for trading in the Turkish power market. Power Solutions, founded in Turkey in 2015, provides OTC Brokerage services in the Turkish electricity market.. The Trayport BTS offers brokers access to a growing network of traders using Trayport’s trading technology - The Dutch residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) market remained strong during the three-month period ended September 2015, according to the latest indices published by Moody's The 60+ day delinquencies of Dutch RMBS, including Dutch mortgage loans benefitting from a Nationale Hypotheek Garantie, continued to decrease to 0.73% in September 2015 from 0.81% in June 2015. The 90+ day delinquencies also continued to decrease to 0.56% in September 2015 from 0.64% in June 2015. Cumulative defaults increased to 0.78% of the original balance, plus additions (in the case of master issuers) and replenishments, in September 2015 from 0.70% in June 2015. This compares to cumulative defaults of 0.49% in September 2014. Cumulative losses increased to 0.15% in September 2015 from 0.14% in June 2015. Moody's has assigned definitive credit ratings to two new transactions since the last publication of the Index on September 9th, including five classes of notes issued by STORM 2015-II BV. and two classed of notes issued by Hypenn RMBS IV BV. As of the end of September, the 107 Moody's-rated Dutch RMBS transactions had an outstanding pool balance of €217.9bn, representing a year-over-year decrease of 4.8% - Thanksgiving holidays in the US has coloured trading today. In the Asia-Pac, low commodities prices are weighing on the Australian economy. Australia's S&P/ASX 200 gained 0.3% in thin trading volumes across the whole Asia-Pac region. With the exception of the Australian dollar, trading volumes were ridiculously small EUR/USD traded within a 10 pips range between 1.0615 and 1.0625. Similarly, GBP/USD traded sideways between 1.5115 and 1.5131. According to Yann Quelenn, market analyst at Swissquote: “When commodities price lower, there is a transfer of wealth between exporters (producers) and importers of commodities. The decline favours industries that need commodities as primary source for manufacturing products. Australia is on the exporters’ side. Indeed, an important part of the Australian’s revenues accounts for the revenues on the extraction of gold, silver, platinum and other metals. Materials shares fell 1.3%, and are down 4.6% so far this week, with commodities like copper and nickel having tumbled to multiyear lows. In Japan, The Nikkei Stock Average ended the day up 0.5% at 19944.41, while and South Korea's Kospi rose 1.1%. The Shanghai Composite Index fell 0.3% and Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index closed flat. Japan shares have posted one of the strongest rebounds in the region since September. The Nikkei is the second-best performing market in Asia year to date with a gain of 14%. China's Shenzhen Composite Index is up 65% year to date. The Straits Times Index (STI) ended 6.89 points or 0.24% lower to 2884.69, taking the year-to-date performance to -14.28%. The top active stocks today were OCBC Bank, which declined 0.91%, SingTel, which gained 0.26%, UOB, which declined 1.79%, DBS, which declined 0.36% and Global Logistic, with a 1.91% fall. The FTSE ST Mid Cap Index declined 0.05%, while the FTSE ST Small Cap Index declined0.84%.In Brazil, the BCB left rates unchanged at 14.25% yesterday in spite of rampant inflation. The latest economic survey by the central bank showed that inflation expectations are not anchored yet as it is expected to reach 10.33% by year-end and 6.64% by the end of 2016. Broadly, expectations the U.S. Federal Reserve will raise interest rates in December has pushed the yen weaker. The currency has weakened 3.1% against the U.S. dollar in the past three months. Japan shares nevertheless remain vulnerable to global central bank moves and geopolitical tensions - The London Metal Exchange's three-month copper contract closed down 1.3% at $4,549 a metric ton on Wednesday. Copper last traded at $4,692.50 a metric ton, up from the opening price of $4,538 a ton on Thursday. Overnight, the latest U.S. report on jobless claims pointed to a strengthening employment picture, pushing the dollar higher. U.S. stocks ended mostly unchanged as consumer discretionary and health-care shares offset losses in other sectors on the last full trading day of the week before the Thanksgiving holiday. Brent oil futures fell 0.2% to $46.06 a barrel. US crude-oil futures rose 0.2% to $43.13 a barrel. Gold prices were up 0.3% at $1,073.50 a troy ounce.

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New report says Asian OTC derivatives reform continue challenging for the buy side

Wednesday, 07 December 2011
New report says Asian OTC derivatives reform continue challenging for the buy side New Celent report looks at OTC derivatives market conditions in Asia, traded volumes, and structure, and the impact of regulatory changes on the segment.

New Celent report looks at OTC derivatives market conditions in Asia, traded volumes, and structure, and the impact of regulatory changes on the segment.

The leading Asian economies have been active in their quest for more centralised clearing in the over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets. Japan and Singapore have taken the lead in setting up clearinghouses to deal with OTC derivatives such as credit default swaps and interest rate swaps, according to a new report, OTC Derivatives Reforms in Asia: Challenging for the Buy Side, from Celent, a Boston-based financial research and consulting firm.

The Asian central clearing model is slightly different than models in the US and Europe. In those markets, there are norms for the trading of standardised OTC products. There too, it is expected that trading will take place on regulated platforms and that CCPs will undertake the clearing for such trades. In Asia, however, there are no regulations governing the move of trading to regulated platforms, and trading is still expected to happen in a bilateral manner. In that context: “There are doubts over the sustainability and viability of central clearing in Asia, because there is a great deal of fragmentation,” says Anshuman Jaswal, Celent senior analyst and author of the report. “The existence of multiple jurisdictions could lead to regulatory arbitrage.”

The share of the Asian OTC derivatives market in global notional outstanding is around 15% for both OTC equity derivatives and interest rate swaps. It is only 2% for credit default swaps (which are not very popular in Asia) and 26% for OTC FX derivatives, with Japan contributing a majority of this volume.

Among the other findings of the report, it is clear that collateral and margin management will become more complex and expensive. One of the important changes will be the higher cost of collateral management. Right now, bilateral clearing allows the counterparties to decide on the necessary collateral. The mutual understanding and experience of trading with counterparties plays an important part in ensuring that the collateral requirements are not very high. However, it is expected that CCPs would be more conservative in their approach and set higher collateral and margin requirements going forward. Any cross-margining benefits that the larger participants currently derive from trading larger volumes might not carry into the new regime, and CCPs are expected to be more cautious in this regard.

The report also finds that central clearing would lead to significant IT and infrastructure costs. Market participants in leading Asian markets are expected to bear any increase in costs resulting from a move to central clearing. Certainly, connectivity requirements are going to increase and it is going to be difficult for the smaller buy side firms and regional banks to create and maintain the infrastructure required to trade in the OTC markets. “It is expected that the leading sell side firms will try to meet the buy side requirements by providing this infrastructure as an additional service that would resemble the connectivity they provide for exchange-based trading and post-trading services. Besides clearing, in most instances, connectivity would be required to the trade repositories that are expected to improve the post-trade transparency across these markets,” says the report.

Moreover, the report suggests that CCP clearing will invariably become a revenue-generating opportunity for clearinghouses and clearing brokers in the global markets. However, this might not be the case in Asian markets because the volumes in a number of these markets are not significant. There are also some doubts voiced in the report over the sustainability and viability of central clearing in Asia, because there is a great deal of fragmentation. One or two clearinghouses would be ideal for such a scenario, but the existence of different CCPs in each national market means higher costs for firms that are trading in more than one market because they have to create a separate infrastructure in each market.

The report mentions the obvious benefits of the introduction of central clearing, such as improved risk management and efficiency benefits. Once the infrastructure is ready and clearing is taking place on an ongoing basis, risk management and efficiency are going to improve for the OTC derivatives markets. Clearinghouses performed well during the financial crisis, and it is expected that central clearing will perform in a similar fashion. Additionally, Portability will be an important aspect of central clearing. A crucial aspect of the strategy to reduce systemic risk has to be the mechanism to cope with a clearing member's default. This can be done through portability, which allows a market participant to move their trades from a defaulting clearing member to another clearing member, thereby ensuring continuity and reducing systemic risk. While it plays a vital role, portability has complications. In markets where the mechanism has been provided, there would still be the added complication of ensuring it works even under stressful market conditions, such as a broker default.

There is, however, a possibility that regional and global players that operate across a number of markets would choose to move their OTC business to markets with the least regulation and lowest collateral and margin requirement costs. This would be undesirable for both the market that loses the business and the market that gains it. The market that loses business might not be able to sustain its CCP due to low volumes. The market that gains the business might have artificially high volumes and therefore would have more complex issues with regard to systemic risk in case of a default by a clearing member or even a CCP. Multiple markets with CCPs also mean that the jurisdictions will have to address extra-territoriality and interoperability issues that will arise.

It is a sensitive time for the OTC derivatives segment as it undergoes change. While volumes in the global OTC derivatives market have recovered from the lows of 2008, the move to central clearing is expected to lead to a dip in volumes globally for the next couple of years. Volumes are expected to fall in 2012 and 2013, with the recovery beginning in 2014.

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